Abortion is a very important topic that despite being classified as ‘controversial’, needs to be discussed. The process is often shunned by society, when in all actuality there are a ton of life-changing factors that are taken into consideration when choosing this route. Abortions aren't easy for anyone, and they most definitely shouldn’t be looked at as selfish. Whether it is a threat to the mother or the baby’s health, rape or sexual violence, financial reasons, or the safety of the process, abortion should be a right to any and all women, not a privilege.
Complications can occur to any woman during a pregnancy. One case that affects 200,000 Americans every year is toxemia, also known as pre-eclampsia. Toxemia can lead to liver failure and cardiovascular problems. Another possibly-fatal condition is an ectopic pregnancy, in which an egg implants itself outside of the uterus. These complications often also result in birth deformities within the child. Abortions end up saving the lives of many people in situations like these; it is important that this option is always present. It’s not fair to expect anyone to carry on a pregnancy, especially if it is a gamble on their life.
Rape is a crime that has been present in our society for years. According to the Rape Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN), “every 98 seconds, an American is sexually assaulted”. Eighty-two percent of these victims are women between fourteen to sixteen years old. In the event that any of these crimes were to result in a pregnancy, the option for abortion needs to be available, as a child should never be a punishment to anybody. Many pro-life politicians often neglect to acknowledge these scenarios, when unfortunately hundreds of girls every year are faced with decisions similar to this. When placed in a traumatic situation like rape, the last thing a girl should have to worry about is having to support a child.
One more factor taken into account when choosing between keeping or aborting a pregnancy is one’s financial status. If a woman is in a bad place and they cannot afford to raise a child, they shouldn’t be expected to. People may think that receiving child support from the father solves this problem, but one also has to think about the emotional stability and time needed to raise a child. Besides, if a man can back out of raising a child, a woman should have that option as well.
A fact many people tend to overlook is that simply declaring abortions as illegal will not stop abortions from taking place, it will only make them unsafe. Taking away this right will lead to a rise in unsafe ‘DIY’ abortion methods detrimental and possibly fatal to the mother. For example, the New York Times stated that as of March 2016 “the state with the highest rate of Google searches for self-induced abortions [was] Mississippi”, a state with only one abortion clinic. Tens and thousands of searches on how to “self-abort” circulated Google pinpointing back to the state. This number was comparably larger than those of countries like Canada, that have not cracked down this. This study was an obvious example of a rise in self-induced abortions, when clinics are absent from a society.
An abortion is not a privilege like a car or a cellphone, it is a human right that every woman should have the access to. The option to terminate a pregnancy saves hundreds of lives, whether it is the baby’s or the mother's. The procedure should not be taboo, as it is a decision that hundred of women are faced with every day. It is also important to never judge someone for choosing this route, as one has no idea what is going on in someone else’s personal life healthwise, or financially. After all, shouldn't a decision regarding a woman’s body be decided by that woman herself, not the government?